Prevention Of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C
Both HIV and Hepatitis viruses are spread through the exchange of bodily fluids, either through sexual contact, breast milk or blood. While neither of these diseases currently have preventative vaccines available, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk.
Practice Safe Sex. Do not engage in unprotected sex with multiple partners or with any partner whose health status is uncertain. Every time you engage in sexual contact, use proper protection.
Avoid Using Injection Drugs. If you use illicit drugs that require the use of needles, consider seeking help to quit. If you are using needles for drug use, take steps to ensure that the needle is sterilized and do not share needles with others.
Be Cautious About Body Piercings And Tattoos. When considering body modifications such as piercings and tattoos, make sure you get the work done at a reputable shop. Ask questions beforehand about how the equipment is cleaned and maintained, and make sure the piercing or tattoo artist is using sterile needles. Do not get piercings or tattoos at shops that will not answer these questions or appear to poorly manage their needles and other materials.
Where Applicable, Consider PrEP or PEP Treatment For HIV Prevention. If you are at risk of contracting HIV, you may benefit from PrEP or PEP medications. Which treatment plan your doctor recommends will depend on whether exposure to HIV has already occured. More information about both of these preventative treatment methods are available here.