Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that damages and weakens the immune system, interfering with your body’s ability to fight off infection and disease. Without medication and treatment, HIV can weaken the immune system to the point that a patient develops Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which is a chronic and potentially life-threatening condition.
HIV/AIDS may be contracted via sexual contact or by direct contact with infected blood. Mothers may also pass this disease to children during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding. At this point in time, there is no cure for HIV/AIDS. However, medications and treatments exist that can dramatically slow the progression of the disease.